Student-Centered approach is about finding ways of teaching that truly engages a student in education.

Teaching Methodology


Introduction

Student-Centered approach is about finding ways of teaching that truly engages a student in education. The term student-centred approach refers to a wide variety of educational programs, learning experiences, instructional approaches, and academic-support strategies that are intended to address the distinct learning needs, interests, aspirations, or cultural backgrounds of individual students and groups of students.

Student-centered learning, also known as learner-centered education, broadly encompasses methods of teaching that shift the focus of instruction from the teacher to the student. In original usage, student-centered approach aims to develop learner autonomy and independence by putting responsibility for the learning path in the hands of students. Student-centered instruction focuses on skills and practices that enable lifelong learning and independent problem-solving. Student-centered approach theory and practice are based on the constructivist learning theory that emphasizes the learner's critical role in constructing meaning from new information and prior experience.

STUDENT - CENTERED CLASSROOM IN OUR INSTITUTION

A CHILD - CENTERED KINDERGARTEN

Although there are many different reasons why faculty members choose to adopt a student centered learning approach, they might be placed into two broad categories.

First enjoyable

Faculty members who have adopted one or more of these approaches report that they are made energetic.

Secondly, there is a growing set of result on how these approaches lead to improve student learning.

"Accreditation Mandates have brought to the fore front the need to be Life Long Learners".

Subject : Science

Materials Used:

  • Chart paper the size of each student
  • Body work sheet
  • My Body Part Song video

Presentation:

  • Students are taught to identify some common body parts.
  • Teacher taught a song video song to help them to review their own parts of the body.

Standard I to XII
Subject: Science

Preparation of Lime Juice:

  • Take a full lemon
  • Cut into two equal parts cross section
  • Squeeze it in a bowl
  • Adding some water
  • Adding sugar
  • Add some ice cubes
  • Pinch of salt
  • Stir it well and garnish with lemon top
  • Serve it in the glass with straw

Working Model as Train:

  • Preparing the Train compartment using match box
  • Stick up with glue
  • Number each in a sequential
  • Finally displayed at classroom
Subject: Mathematics

Preparing an Abacus Model:

  • Take a box and empty it
  • Stick three sticks above
  • Mark the stick as Hundreds, Tens and ones
  • Placing the beads or balls in the particular place
  • Count them and write as such

Measurement:

Measurement deals with Length, Weight and Capacity Preparing a working model as Lever Balance.

  • Taking two equal sized cups
  • Tie in thread and three side knotted
  • Tying up the thread to stick which could make lever balance
  • Adding up the weight store as in terms of kilograms
  • Measuring up with small quantities of vegetables or fruits or paper etc.,

Working Model for Addition

0 to 4 Number Cards (8 sets)

  • Form small groups with less number of students
  • Give 2 sets of number cards, form 2 - 3 digit numbers and add them
  • The group which worked out more problems correctly is the winner group,the teacher can award the winner group.
Subject : English

Preparing clay model of Butterfly for the poem

  • Making the children to form a group
  • Preparing them to produce the shape of the butterfly
  • Using the various other models and colours
Smart Board Presentation

We started off with smart board presentation encouraged feedback from the students and what they infer from the presentation. Smart board presentations were used for science and social subjects. We conducted quiz competition and group discussions among the students. We encouraged reasoning and analysis of the facts. This type of teaching encourages them to accept responsibilities for decisions they make about learning, like how they study for their exams revising and checking answers. Student - centered teaching helps to develop structure to promote shared commitments to learning.

Subject : Science

Preparing up a Fruit Salad

  • Teaching them how to prepare fruit salad
  • Take a bowl
  • Wash the different kind of fruits
  • Peel off the outer layer of fruits
  • Cut into small and equal pieces
  • Put into bowl
  • Add some quantity of honey, pepper and salt a pinch
  • Mix it well
  • Serve it by garnishing with mint leaves top
Language Development: English
  • The teacher listens to the students talk about familiar topics about home and society.
  • They are given assignments to find new words and their meanings.
  • They are given story books from the library and they are asked to write the feedback about that book.
  • They are asked to bring articles on different topics and it is put up on the notice board.
Subject Oriented Presentation
Subject : Science
  • The students are asked to prepare the clay model of brain and the teacher explains the function and uses of brain.
  • They are also asked to collect the pupa stage of butterfly as activity.
  • Smart board is shown to the students and they understand the function of human body and other topics.
Subject : Commerce

Teacher follows the student centeredapproach method. According to the nature of the lesson, the teaching method differs. There are various branches of commerce. For explaining each branch we use different techniques, for example, lesson like Trade and Transport can be taught by using charts.

Students are motivated to watch T.V. advertisements and are asked their views on the concept behind the advertisements.

After teaching a lesson the students are divided into groups and each group given a concept. They have to think out the box and discuss among themselves. Finally they should share the points what they gathered.

Some lessons are taught by using practical method. For example, Banking lesson is taught by showing the real cheque leaf and other forms. As a result, the students gain a practical knowledge regarding Banking.